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Hi All,

 

I am pretty new of all these things but very keen to learn :). I do apologise if my topic might look boring but actually for me is a challenge.

 

I recently installed a nano arduino connected to an GY-521. I manage to install the proper library and the teapot example works spot on. Now, I would like to connect a led that goes off when the board is flat, but starts blinking when a certain roll or pitch is detected.

 

I tried to add a simple if ( ypr[1] < y && ypr[1] > y ) but i only get overflow FIFO message back.

 

Any help how to overcome this scaring message?

 

Thanks for helping.

 

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Hi peppino,

 

Have you put a delay() in your code by any chance? You can't use the delay() function with the MPU-6050 library because you need to make sure there isn't anything that causes the loop to halt. That prevents the Arduino from being able to poll the MPU-6050 chip.

 

Instead, you should use the technique shown here:

 

http://arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/BlinkWithoutDelay

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Hi rgsteele,

 

Thanks for replying :). You were right as soon as I removed the delay() function i got something working. However it is not working as expected... wanna cry lol

 

I have been trying several things but the only way I got it working is with two if statements. The result is quite curious.. when the first condition is found the led goes on red as soon as the other condition is found the led goes green but the when the first condition is found again the led goes on yellow and green... to me it look like that the output and the loop() is not aligned.. 

 

I put the code just in case you have some spare time to have a look at it.

 

Thanks for helping. That was better than nothing.

 

#include "I2Cdev.h"
#include "MPU6050_6Axis_MotionApps20.h"
#include <Wire.h>
MPU6050 mpu;
//MPU6050 mpu(0x69); // <-- use for AD0 high

#define OUTPUT_READABLE_YAWPITCHROLL

#define LED_PIN 13 // (Arduino is 13, Teensy is 11, Teensy++ is 6)
bool blinkState = false;
const int ledPin6 = 6;
const int ledPin7 = 7;
int ledState = LOW ;
long previousMillis = 0;
long interval = 1000;



// MPU control/status vars
bool dmpReady = false;  // set true if DMP init was successful
uint8_t mpuIntStatus;   // holds actual interrupt status byte from MPU
uint8_t devStatus;      // return status after each device operation (0 = success, !0 = error)
uint16_t packetSize;    // expected DMP packet size (default is 42 bytes)
uint16_t fifoCount;     // count of all bytes currently in FIFO
uint8_t fifoBuffer[64]; // FIFO storage buffer

// orientation/motion vars
Quaternion q;           // [w, x, y, z]         quaternion container
VectorInt16 aa;         // [x, y, z]            accel sensor measurements
VectorInt16 aaReal;     // [x, y, z]            gravity-free accel sensor measurements
VectorInt16 aaWorld;    // [x, y, z]            world-frame accel sensor measurements
VectorFloat gravity;    // [x, y, z]            gravity vector
float euler[3];         // [psi, theta, phi]    Euler angle container
float ypr[3];           // [yaw, pitch, roll]   yaw/pitch/roll container and gravity vector



// ================================================================
// ===               INTERRUPT DETECTION ROUTINE                ===
// ================================================================

volatile bool mpuInterrupt = false;     // indicates whether MPU interrupt pin has gone high
void dmpDataReady() {
    mpuInterrupt = true;
}



// ================================================================
// ===                      INITIAL SETUP                       ===
// ================================================================

void setup() {
    // join I2C bus (I2Cdev library doesn't do this automatically)
    #if I2CDEV_IMPLEMENTATION == I2CDEV_ARDUINO_WIRE
        Wire.begin();
        TWBR = 24; // 400kHz I2C clock (200kHz if CPU is 8MHz)
    #elif I2CDEV_IMPLEMENTATION == I2CDEV_BUILTIN_FASTWIRE
        Fastwire::setup(400, true);
    #endif

    Serial.begin(38400);
    while (!Serial); // wait for Leonardo enumeration, others continue immediately
    Serial.println(F("Initializing I2C devices..."));
    mpu.initialize();

    // verify connection
    Serial.println(F("Testing device connections..."));
    Serial.println(mpu.testConnection() ? F("MPU6050 connection successful") : F("MPU6050 connection failed"));

    // wait for ready
    Serial.println(F("\nSend any character to begin DMP programming and demo: "));
    while (Serial.available() && Serial.read()); // empty buffer
    while (!Serial.available());                 // wait for data
    while (Serial.available() && Serial.read()); // empty buffer again

    // load and configure the DMP
    Serial.println(F("Initializing DMP..."));
    devStatus = mpu.dmpInitialize();

    // supply your own gyro offsets here, scaled for min sensitivity
    mpu.setXGyroOffset(220);
    mpu.setYGyroOffset(76);
    mpu.setZGyroOffset(-85);
    mpu.setZAccelOffset(1788); // 1688 factory default for my test chip

    // make sure it worked (returns 0 if so)
    if (devStatus == 0) {
        // turn on the DMP, now that it's ready
        Serial.println(F("Enabling DMP..."));
        mpu.setDMPEnabled(true);

        // enable Arduino interrupt detection
        Serial.println(F("Enabling interrupt detection (Arduino external interrupt 0)..."));
        attachInterrupt(0, dmpDataReady, RISING);
        mpuIntStatus = mpu.getIntStatus();

        // set our DMP Ready flag so the main loop() function knows it's okay to use it
        Serial.println(F("DMP ready! Waiting for first interrupt..."));
        dmpReady = true;

        // get expected DMP packet size for later comparison
        packetSize = mpu.dmpGetFIFOPacketSize();
    } else {
        // ERROR!
        // 1 = initial memory load failed
        // 2 = DMP configuration updates failed
        // (if it's going to break, usually the code will be 1)
        Serial.print(F("DMP Initialization failed (code "));
        Serial.print(devStatus);
        Serial.println(F(")"));
    }

    // configure LED for output
    pinMode(LED_PIN, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(ledPin6, OUTPUT);
    pinMode(ledPin7, OUTPUT);
}



// ================================================================
// ===                    MAIN PROGRAM LOOP                     ===
// ================================================================

void loop() {
  
  // if programming failed, don't try to do anything
    if (!dmpReady) return;

    // wait for MPU interrupt or extra packet(s) available
    while (!mpuInterrupt && fifoCount < packetSize) {
    }

    // reset interrupt flag and get INT_STATUS byte
    mpuInterrupt = false;
    mpuIntStatus = mpu.getIntStatus();

    // get current FIFO count
    fifoCount = mpu.getFIFOCount();

    // check for overflow (this should never happen unless our code is too inefficient)
    if ((mpuIntStatus & 0x10) || fifoCount == 1024) {
        // reset so we can continue cleanly
        mpu.resetFIFO();
        Serial.println(F("FIFO overflow!"));

    // otherwise, check for DMP data ready interrupt (this should happen frequently)
    } else if (mpuIntStatus & 0x02) {
        // wait for correct available data length, should be a VERY short wait
        while (fifoCount < packetSize) fifoCount = mpu.getFIFOCount();

        // read a packet from FIFO
        mpu.getFIFOBytes(fifoBuffer, packetSize);
        
        // track FIFO count here in case there is > 1 packet available
        // (this lets us immediately read more without waiting for an interrupt)
        fifoCount -= packetSize;

       OUTPUT_READABLE_YAWPITCHROLL
       // display Euler angles in degrees
       mpu.dmpGetQuaternion(&q, fifoBuffer);
       mpu.dmpGetGravity(&gravity, &q);
       mpu.dmpGetYawPitchRoll(ypr, &q, &gravity);
       Serial.print("ypr\t");
       Serial.print(ypr[0] * 180/M_PI);
       Serial.print("\t");
       Serial.print(ypr[1] * 180/M_PI);
       Serial.print("\t");
       Serial.println(ypr[2] * 180/M_PI);
       
        
        // blink LED to indicate activity
        blinkState = !blinkState;
        digitalWrite(LED_PIN, blinkState);
    }
       
       
 unsigned long currentMillis = millis();
 
 if ( ypr[0] * 180/M_PI < 90) {
  if(currentMillis - previousMillis > interval) {
    // save the last time you blinked the LED 
    previousMillis = currentMillis;   

    // if the LED is off turn it on and vice-versa:
    if (ledState == LOW)
      ledState = HIGH;
    else
      ledState = LOW;

    // set the LED with the ledState of the variable:
    digitalWrite(ledPin6, ledState);
  }
 }
 if ( ypr[0] * 180/M_PI >  90) {
  if(currentMillis - previousMillis > interval) {
    // save the last time you blinked the LED 
    previousMillis = currentMillis;   

    // if the LED is off turn it on and vice-versa:
    if (ledState == LOW)
      ledState = HIGH;
    else
      ledState = LOW;

    // set the LED with the ledState of the variable:
    digitalWrite(ledPin7, ledState);
  }
  }
 }

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What does

ledPin7 and ledPin6

exactly mean? Is is some RGB led?

I suppose that ledPin6 means red and ledPin7 means green.

 

You have written that you got this color sequence:

- red

- green

- yellow and green blinking

 

The problem is probably that you are not always turning off your leds. I have added two "else" with comments.

 if ( ypr[0] * 180/M_PI < 90) {
  if(currentMillis - previousMillis > interval) {
    // save the last time you blinked the LED 
    previousMillis = currentMillis;   

    // if the LED is off turn it on and vice-versa:
    if (ledState == LOW)
      ledState = HIGH;
    else
      ledState = LOW;

    // set the LED with the ledState of the variable:
    digitalWrite(ledPin6, ledState);
  }
 } else {
    digitalWrite(ledPin6, LOW); // this turns this led off, beacuse we want to blink another led
 }
 if ( ypr[0] * 180/M_PI >  90) {
  if(currentMillis - previousMillis > interval) {
    // save the last time you blinked the LED 
    previousMillis = currentMillis;   

    // if the LED is off turn it on and vice-versa:
    if (ledState == LOW)
      ledState = HIGH;
    else
      ledState = LOW;

    // set the LED with the ledState of the variable:
    digitalWrite(ledPin7, ledState);
   }
} else {
  digitalWrite(ledPin7, LOW); // this turns this led off, beacuse we want to blink another led
}

I guess that you color sequence was:

- red was blinking and later it turned off

- green was blinking but it didn't turn off (because you tilt your sensor while it was on)

- green was on and red was blinking what causes green+yellow (becasue red+green=yellow)

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